The potential hazards from paint are primarily associated with solvents such as aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons, ketones, and alcohols, and pigments like lead carbonate, chrome yellow, and cobalt arsenate.
Small amounts of formaldehyde, bleach and phenol used as preservatives in some paints may cause allergic reactions in sensitive individuals. Mercury compounds for interior-use wall paint have been prohibited by the EPA since 1990.
Include spray guns, airbrushes, and aerosol spray cans for paint application.
Aerosol spraypaints contain propellants or pigments like isobutanes and propane that are toxic if inhaled. Fine particles from the spraying may remain airborne up to 2 hours.
Inhalation hazard; may cause headaches, nausea, fatigue, and breathing problems.
Propellants in aerosol spray may be flammable.
Dry pigments, dyes and powders are easy to inhale; try using premixed paints. Replace solvent-based paint with water-based paint.
For a good work practice, it is recommended to use spraypaint/airbrushes outdoors or within a spray booth or a fume hood. Wear a NIOSH-approved respirator for this activity.
Wear protective clothing and gloves to prevent skin contact.
Ensure appropriate ventilation, especially when spraying or airbrushing paint.
Remove paint from hands with vegetable or baby oil before washing with soap and water.
Avoid turpentine and mineral spirits.
Be aware of the flammability of solvents.
Risk Management Services
700 North Texas Blvd
Denton, Texas 76203
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